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What to do if you have an allergic reaction after receiving the COVID-19 vaccine?

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If you have had a severe allergic reaction to the COVID-19 vaccine

If you’ve had a severe allergic reaction — also known as anaphylaxis — after getting your first shot of a COVID-19 vaccine, CDC recommends That you don’t get another shot of that vaccine. If the reaction was after an mRNA COVID-19 vaccine (either Pfizer-BioNtech or Moderna), you should not get a second shot of either of these vaccines. know which COVID-19 vaccines need a second shot.

An allergic reaction is considered severe when a person needs to be treated with epinephrine or an EpiPen.© Or if they have to go to the hospital. know about Common side effects of COVID-19 vaccines And when to call the doctor.

If you have had a non-serious allergic reaction to a COVID-19 vaccine

If you have an immediate allergic reaction after getting a shot of the COVID-19 vaccine, you shouldn’t get another shot of that vaccine, even if your allergic reaction is not severe enough to require emergency care. If the reaction was after an mRNA COVID-19 vaccine (either Pfizer-BioNtech or Moderna), you should not get a second shot of either of these vaccines. An immediate allergic reaction occurs within 4 hours after vaccination and may include symptoms such as hives, swelling and wheezing (respiratory distress). Your doctor may refer you to a specialist in allergy and immunology for further care or advice.

know about getting a different type of vaccine after an allergic reaction.

If You Get the Rash Where You Got the Shot

The CDC has learned of reports that some people have experienced a red, itchy, swollen, or painful rash where they have been shot. These rashes can start from a few days to more than a week after the first shot and are sometimes quite large. These rashes are also known as “Covid Arms”. If you experience “Covid Arm” after getting the first shot, you should still get a second shot At the recommended intervals if the vaccine you have been given needs a second shot. Tell your vaccination provider if you have experienced a rash or “Covid arm” after the first shot. Your vaccination provider may recommend that you get a second shot in the opposite arm.

If the rash itches, you can take an antihistamine. If it is painful, you can take pain medication such as acetaminophen or a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID).

security measures are in place

CDC is Provided recommendations for COVID-19 vaccination providers About how to prepare for the possibility of a severe allergic reaction:

  • Everyone receiving the COVID-19 vaccine should be monitored on site. People who have had a severe allergic reaction or who have had an immediate allergic reaction to a vaccine or injection therapy should be monitored for at least 30 minutes after being vaccinated. Everyone else should be monitored for at least 15 minutes after getting vaccinated.
  • Vaccination providers at all COVID-19 vaccination provider sites should have the appropriate personnel, medications, and equipment—such as epinephrine, antihistamines, blood pressure monitors, and timing devices to check your pulse.
  • If you experience a severe allergic reaction after receiving the COVID-19 vaccine, vaccination providers can fast care and call for emergency medical services. You must remain under observation in a medical facility for at least several hours.

Learn more about what to expect after getting the COVID-19 vaccine, including common side effects and tips to ease pain or discomfort.

CDC’s Monitoring Report of Serious Allergic Reactions

If someone has a severe allergic reaction after getting vaccinated, their vaccination provider will send them a report. Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS).external sign VAERS is a national system that collects reports from health professionals, vaccine manufacturers, and the public about adverse events that occur after vaccination. Reports of adverse events that are unexpected, occur more frequently than expected, or have unusual patterns are followed up with specific studies.

Learn more about how federal partners in the United States are monitoring the safety of COVID-19 vaccines.

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