As well as contributing to the brown haze over many large cities, the transportation sector is responsible for approx. one fourth of global energy-related CO2 emissions, according to United Nations data.
For city planners and transit agencies, providing passenger transportation options for ever-changing urban communities and reducing tailpipe emissions means solving a multi-layered, complex puzzle of variables including infrastructure needs, regulatory compliance and trend forecasts. join together.
What is the most logical route? In the US, battery-electric buses projected to remain lowest carbon option In every part of the country, even on the existing electricity grid. However, just 0.5 percent of the total US public transportation bus market Electric buses were included at the end of 2017 – a nascent market compared to deployment rates of 12-14 percent in Europe and Asia.
While e-buses are still priced at a premium compared to their diesel-powered counterparts, data shows that electric buses can have a lower overall cost of ownership and are competitive with diesel buses when compared. lifetime cost Over 12 years, offering improved efficiency and lower maintenance costs due to the simplified drivetrain.
What’s more, developments and innovations in the emerging heavy-duty electric bus sector have been significant over the years, although those advances are sometimes overshadowed by the headlines given to light-duty passenger vehicle providers such as Tesla.
So, who are the top e-bus leaders? Given that the electric bus market is estimated to have a segment of 29-47 feet within biggest driver In terms of purchase volume over the next six years, the focus of this piece will be on the major e-bus manufacturers that offer buses in this category.
In alphabetical order, e-bus innovators are rushing here to give a share of 1.2 million e-buses It is expected to be on the road globally by 2025. Those four years covered a lot: in 2017 there were a total of 386,000 e-buses on the road globally.
In 2015, AB Volvo was based in Gothenburg, Sweden. first Original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) in the heavy-duty bus segment have completely stopped production of diesel buses for their customers in the European market, a change considering the world’s largest diesel bus maker.
The Volvo 7900 electric model offers up to six minutes of full rapid charge time, battery storage configuration options, new pedestrian and cyclist-detection systems, and a single charge range of 124 miles.
At the end of 2020, the company received what was then largest single order Contract to deliver 157 electric articulated (think bendy) 7900 electric buses in his hometown of Gothenburg, for electric buses in Europe. AB Volvo claims that the energy consumption for each bus and others like it is 80 percent lower than for traditional 150-passenger diesel buses.
AB Volvo’s success in Europe is driven largely by regional emissions reduction goals. For Sweden, investing in electric buses is an important step in achieving the region’s aggressive climate goals – reducing CO2 emissions from public transport by 90 percent by 2035.
As of 2020, about 98 percent of the world’s deployed electric buses were in China. In fact, habitat in the Asia Pacific region is projected to continue largest electric bus market In the coming years, mainly due to Chinese-based e-bus providers such as BYD.
Over the past 10 years, BYD in Shenzheng, Guangdong, has become one of the largest, most established e-bus manufacturers in the world. BYD has been the world’s largest electric vehicle maker for the past three years, de-throning rival Chinese-based OEM Yutong, the article also highlights.
Over the past five months, BYD has set significant sales records in key markets. It achieved Europe’s largest single order 246 Buses to Dutch global public transport provider Keolis Netherlands BV, and won Largest order for pure-electric buses To date, 1,002 electric buses have been supplied outside China — Bogota, Colombia. The 29.5-39-foot buses are to be assembled in Colombia, highlighting BYD’s prevailing overseas “localization strategy” – creating significant local economic development partnerships and jobs to increase sales.
In the US, BYD America operates a bus and a battery plant in Lancaster, California. In that market, it competes head-on with US-based OEM Protera, which leads orders and deliveries in the North American market.
Taking advantage of regional incentives and regulatory guidelines is vital to success in the electric bus market.
For example, after 2021, BYD America will no longer qualify The grant caused an update to the National Defense Authorization Act for the Federal Transit Administration (FTA), which prevents FTA funding from being used to buy buses from suppliers from “non-market economies” such as China. Since BYD America is ultimately a Chinese-owned company, it posed some significant obstacles to the company’s success in the US because these grants were a valuable source of funding to get projects off the ground.
While Asia Pacific accounts for the largest total share of the e-bus market, North America is expected to fastest growing. Since 2004, Burlingame, California-based Protera has sold more than 1,000 electric buses in the US and Canada, making it the largest company in the world. Largest e-bus manufacturer in North America.
Protera’s ZX5 electric transit bus models boast some of the lowest operating costs and the greatest range capability of buses of their kind – 329 miles on a single charge.
Like BYD, Proterra develops its battery packs in-house; In 2019, it launched a battery leasing program to reduce upfront costs and provide attractive financing options for transit buyers.
Biden administration plan to make With all new US-made buses operating with zero emissions by 2030, this is seen as a huge asset to Proterra and other US e-bus makers, providing significant resources to electrify transportation and drive domestic sales. access is allowed.
In January, Protera announced that it would be publicly listed on the Nasdaq stock exchange after completing a reverse merger with Arclight Clean Transition Corp, a special purpose acquisition company (SPAC), later this year. The valuation of the newly combined company is estimated to be $1.6 billion.
Started as a family business, VDL has grown into a notable heavy-duty electric transport provider in Europe, where one in five electric buses is VDL-manufactured. Based in Eindhoven, Netherlands, the company has established manufacturing plants domestically and in Belgium.
VDL largest fleet 102 VDL Citas electric buses will start operating in Oslo starting in January – largely inspired by the Norwegian capital’s goal of making public transport emissions-free by 2028.
In a race to innovate, VDL announced that it will unveil its new generation of all-electric VDL seat buses in October. While specifications and range estimates are still unavailable, the company teased the model’s completely new electric drivetrain, floor-mounted battery that increases passenger safety and space, uses ultra-light materials and, drivers requirementsIntegration of new comfort and safety features for drivers working in post-pandemic conditions.
Dutch transport company Hermes pre ordered 32 units of the next generation city buses, which will be in operation in the Netherlands from January.
Together with BYD, Yutong of China has made a significant contribution to the dominance of heavy-duty electric vehicle sales and manufacturing. In 2016, Yutong was the world’s largest bus manufacturer by sales volume, which was eclipsed by BYD in recent years.
However, it is too soon to call the Chinese e-bus winner. In November, Yutong acquired one of the Largest order for battery-electric buses – Signing an agreement with Mowaslat, a transportation solutions provider, to deploy 741 e-buses by 2022 for the FIFA World Cup in Qatar.
Yutong’s overseas market strategy includes a strong focus on Europe and the Middle East special focus On the Nordic countries – regions that have ambitious or state-subsidized transit emissions reduction commitments.
In 2019, Yutong Unveiled Yutong U12, which represents its first step in integrating autonomous technology into its next generation of buses. While full autonomy is still expected out of being fully deployed in the 29.5- by 46-foot bus segment, Yutong is showing significant investment in making driverless buses a reality.
In a live demonstration last year, the company showcased its 5G-enabled mobility solutions and “smart roads” infrastructure products. The demonstration prioritized buses at intersections, improved pass-through rates from 47 percent to 79 percent, and reduced the average wait time for buses at red lights from 17 seconds to 2 seconds.
Zero-emissions buses in 2040
As the pandemic begins to recover, transportation agencies like the Pittsburgh Port Authority curious For passengers to return to public transport. While health safety is still a deterrent to bus use, the battery-electric bus market is on course to grow, driven by municipal emissions targets and declining battery prices.
According to Bloomberg’s Electric Vehicle Outlook 2020, e-buses are expected to be Inclusion over 67 percent of the global bus fleet by 2040; However, manufacturers still have to address new supply chain challenges, including a lack of semiconductors and supplier access to raw battery materials such as lithium-ion.
In places like Toronto, fleet managers are intentionally sourcing e-bus fleets from multiple OEMs with the hope of creating real-time performance comparison To inform future purchases – invaluable data for eager municipal transit operators who want to electrify their fleets and bring tailpipe emissions to zero.
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