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Liz Truss was promoted to foreign minister while Boris Johnson replaced her cabinet.
Dominic Raab was demoted from the State Department to become Minister of Justice, while also conferring the title of deputy prime minister.
Michael Gove moved from the Cabinet Office to become the communities secretary in charge of housing.
Priti Patel continues to serve as interior minister, while Rishi Sunak remains prime minister.
Gavin Williamson was fired from the education department, and Robert Buckland from the justice department.
Robert Jenrick was dismissed as communities secretary, and Amanda Milling was dismissed as Conservative Party chairman.
Williamson was one of the ministers most at risk of being told to go back to the back row for his handling of the exam fiasco, especially during the Covid crisis.
Announcing his departure, saying that it is a privilege to serve as education secretary since 2019, he added that he will continue to support the prime minister and the government.
After receiving the ax, Jenrick vowed to continue to support the prime minister “in any way I can.”
“I am deeply proud of everything we have accomplished,” he said, thanking his colleagues at the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government.
Controversy followed, including Johnson’s dismissal from his senior team, the illegal approval of a Tory donor’s housing development, and their eyebrow-raising journey during the lockdown.
Also going would be Buckland, who said it had been an “honour” to serve in the Government for the past seven years, including the last two as secretary of justice and lord chancellor.