Clinical trials are challenging because hospital-acquired infections increase mortality and morbidity. Sources of infection in hospitals include pathogens from patients, non-living areas, and medical personnel. Infection control and prevention precautions should be taken into account in any health care setting. It is everyone’s responsibility to follow the following tips to avoid exposure and contamination in hospitals. In this way, you can avoid causing unnecessary pain and suffering to your patients and loved ones.
Regular cleaning at the hospital is a common practice. Many people visit the hospital every day, including family members who visit patients, clinicians, providers or loved ones. Everyone comes from different backgrounds if there is a high risk of germs and environmental contaminants such as dirt and dust. These are the main causes of infections in hospitals.
Every hospital should hire cleaning services to make sure every page is free of waste. Provide clean water, soap, and equipment to make cleaning easier and faster. Proper cleaning removes more than 90% of germs and bacteria by hanging them in sanitary fluid and removing them.
As health care workers go about their work, they come in contact with many patients and hospital supplies. They are very common for hospital infections, and hand hygiene is an appropriate preventive measure. Hand hygiene includes insect repellent and regular hand washing. Rinse your hands thoroughly with running water and soap to remove more than 90% of most or all surface and plant contamination.
Use antibacterial soap to wash your hands with temporary herbs, but use hand soap or alcohol-based hand sanitizer when you come in contact with an infected patient. Many gloves are torn during surgery; Clean your hands with long-acting insect repellent before wearing gloves.
Isolation of infected patients
Patients with hospital infections should be kept separate as a prerequisite. There are different types of loneliness depending on the risk of infection. Diagnosis of severe infectious diseases such as diphtheria and hemorrhagic fever is strong, but contagious diarrhea and minor non-communicable diseases are not so strong.
It is a labor-intensive and expensive process for health care workers and patients alone, so it should be suitable for patient agents and for serious illness. Carefully practice isolation measures by wearing protective equipment and keeping patients away from other patients in private rooms. Also, reduce contact with isolated patients by having a few medical staff and hospital staff obey you.
Pesticides are challenging to identify, but the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) provides guidelines for identifying differences.
High levels of pesticides It eliminates all microorganisms, except for most bacterial tumors.
Moderate pest disease It weakens most viruses, plants, bacteria and fungi, but does not eliminate bacterial spores.
Low-grade pesticide It kills some viruses, fungi and bacteria but cannot be trusted to get rid of microorganisms such as bacterial spores.
Depending on the severity of the infection, there are many benefits to using pesticides in different situations. However, suitable pesticides can further increase the antimicrobial activity and provide satisfactory results. Toxic pesticides are more active and can be applied to the floor or inanimate objects. However, less harmful pesticides are considered for human tissues. Alternatively, you can use a pesticide to apply on wounds, scars and untouched skin.
Antibiotics act quickly on non-toxic and pathogenic plants and natural plants. In general, whichever pesticide you choose to use in your hospital, human tissue or patient products should be safe and free of bacteria.
Microorganisms are free from harmful microorganisms. in spite of Sterilization of hospital equipment It removes about 99% of all germs, and is very important to reduce contamination by cleaning up the dirt. You can achieve sterilization in two ways; Chemical and physical. Chemical sterilization involves the use of gas containing pesticides that produce ethylene oxide and properties such as glutaraldehyde.
Physical sterilization involves mechanical separation by filtering, radiation, and heating, for example, automatic shut-off. However, identify what should be sterilized and what should be avoided. For example, needles and scalp should not be used twice, but tongs and scissors can sterilize.
Personal Protective Equipment (PPEs)
PEPs create a barrier between skin, clothing, muscle tissue and infectious agents. PPE selection from Uniform benefit It depends on the nature of the patient’s interactions and the transmission pathways. PPEs include gloves, masks, isolation clothing, goggles and face shields.
Make sure health care workers are knowledgeable about how to use, remove, and dispose of clothing or skin contamination. Identify suitable locations for recycling or disposal of PPE containers and contaminants. From each P.P.A. The following are the PPEs and their use.
Gloves Use gloves when in contact with mucous membranes, exposed skin, ankle or skin and blood clots.
Solo clothes Wear them when you go to isolated rooms or collect virus samples in the community.
Face shields, masks and Google Use these to cover your eyes, nose, and mouth when you are exposed to chemical sprays or fluids such as blood.
Performing respiratory hygiene
Respiratory or cough behaviors work to prevent airborne infections. According to the CDC Workshops, repeated check-ups in hospitals are needed to limit the spread of respiratory infections. These strategies target patients and their companions with undiagnosed respiratory infections. They also look for health care workers with symptoms such as runny nose, nasal congestion, congestion and cough.
Educational measures should be taken in hospitals to ensure that medical staff have adequate knowledge of respiratory hygiene. Cough etiquette and respiratory hygiene are part of the standard precautionary measures to prevent the spread of pathogens by understanding how to protect themselves when they come in contact with people with symptoms.
As long as there are more effective breathing apparatus and a better understanding of breathing, health care professionals should practice respiratory hygiene. With surgical masks, they should cover their mouths and practice negative pressure isolation in extreme cases.
Carefully remove and use sharp tools and equipment
Sharp tools and equipment include sewing machines, scalpels, needles, and glass bulbs. Sharp increases the risk of hepatitis C, HIV and hepatitis B. Poorly disposed sharks not only endanger health care workers Blood-borne viruses. In developing countries, people are exposed to hazardous health care waste, and societies are exposed to it. Garbage carriers are also at risk of infection due to the effects of injections.
Develop policies and safety procedures to treat and remove sharps in the hospital. Make sure:
- Sharing sharps is done by a few people.
- Instead of dispersing the syringe, they are thrown into single chambers.
- Sharps are indirect, not hand-to-hand.
- Employees remove sharps immediately after using them in designated containers.
- Sharp containers are stored away from the public and emptied before more than two-thirds are filled.
- All staff members are aware of the immunization harm policy.
Effective waste management
Hospitals discard PPEs, dirty clothes, blood, body parts, medical equipment and non-medical waste produce a lot of pollution every day, all of which are sources of infection. From the moment it is created to the time it is disposed of, there is a risk of being caught up in every waste management step.
Poor hygiene waste management exposes patients, health care workers, waste management and the community to harm, toxic effects and disease. It also endangers the environment. According to the World Health Organization, Hospitals must treat and dispose of medical waste at the generational level.
Health care waste can be classified as follows
- Laboratory waste
- Radioactive waste
- Genotoxic waste
- Drug waste
- From contaminated waste
- Infectious waste
Waste management is a long-term process that requires hospital directors to come together and take responsibility. Build a comprehensive system and allocate sufficient resources to manage and eliminate it. Choose environmentally friendly and safe waste management options and increase risk awareness during collection, storage, transportation, treatment, treatment and waste disposal.
Vaccination and vaccination
Many patients visit the hospital with various illnesses every day, and frontline staff, such as health care workers, must be safe. With viral infections such as COVID-19 and SARs that spread quickly, they should be given priority by immunization so that health workers can take care of their patients. Vaccines provide protection against disease and can be given orally, injections or aerosol.
Vulnerable health care workers, such as surgeons, nurses, and laboratory technicians, need repeated immunizations to reduce the risk of transmission and institutional outbreaks.
Although hospitals are a place where people need medical help, they can also cause serious health infections. Consider standard safety measures to protect the community, patients and health workers from infection. Input policies, security processes, and Use the February-free COVID-19 personal protective equipment training module To make health workers aware of contact with patients in isolation, removal and hygiene procedures.