Humanity has greatly influenced the environment since ancient times and is still doing so. Have you ever thought about how I can stop the effects of global warming, which we feel the impact today? So let’s take a look together.
what is Global warming?
Global warming, “Since the Industrial Revolution, especially because of the rapid increase in the accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere by various human activities such as the burning of fossil fuels, deforestation, agricultural activities and industrial processes, urbanization has resulted in the strengthening of natural , the greenhouse effect from the effects of the Earth and the lower layers of the atmosphere (lower and middle troposphere) can be defined as the increase in temperature.
Increasing Population Density in the WorldChanges in land cover as a result of migration and urbanization movements, rising living standards, rapid and excessive consumption of fossil fuels such as oil, coal and natural gas over the past 150 years, and increased intensive industrial production. The release of gases and particles into the atmosphere are the most important factors that cause global warming.
Which gases are the cause of global warming?
In the atmosphere, there is a significant increase in the amount of Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) Gases that reduce the concentration of ozone (O3) and greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O). Due to these increases the greenhouse process in the atmosphere has given rise to the current global warming and global climate change problem.
What can we do against global warming?
1- Use your personal vehicle less and switch to public transport
Use your bike, foot or public transportation instead of using your personal vehicles. 150g – 380g of carbon dioxide will be saved for every kilometer where no gasoline car is used. Contribute to make our cities clean by reducing traffic and pollution.
2- Reduce the use of packaged products
Recycle or recycle the packaging of your purchased products as plastic packaging takes a thousand years to disappear in nature. Be careful not to use plastic bags for shopping. Buy shopping bags that you can reuse. Be aware of your surroundings as well. At this point, we can implement the 3R (Reduce-Reuse-Recycle) goal. By 3R target; This can be achieved effectively by first focusing on ‘reduction’ then ‘reuse’ and then ‘recycling’.
3- Plant trees
The first step we should take in the fight against global warming is planting trees. Trees act as insulators by absorbing and reflecting some of the solar heat, thus reducing the heat and scorching effects of solar radiation. Plant at least one tree every year. A tree absorbs 1 ton of carbon dioxide in its lifetime. with this, ETH Zurich researcher ecologist Thomas Crowther Said that “trees are the most powerful weapon in combating climate change”.
4- Save water
Saving water is of great importance in the fight against global warming. In a geography where water resources are limited, small steps we take can have big impacts. To do this, you can reduce the total amount of water you use in a year by taking measures such as replacing the tap batteries used in homes, repairing drain installations, reducing the time you spend brushing your teeth and taking showers. can reduce. According to the United Nations World Water Development Report 2020, water use has increased six-fold in the last century. The report said conservation of wetlands is “important” as these areas prevent flooding, water purification, and conserve as much carbon as forests. “If you’re saving water, you’re saving energy,” said report editor Richard Connor. In this way, the greenhouse gas emitted to generate the energy that water brings will be reduced,” he said.
5- Turn off your electronic devices
full of energy Choose eco-friendly electronics. Even if your appliance is energy efficient, don’t overuse them. Switch off your refrigerator if you are not going to your home for a long time. Do not overuse the heater unnecessarily in the winter months. Coffee machines, microwave ovens and desktop computers equipped with LED clocks also consume electricity when not in use. Turn off these devices completely unless you need them. When you calculate the amount of energy saved at the end of the year, these small savings will eventually turn into big savings.
6- Try to use renewable energy
by its use renewable energy sourcesIt is possible to reduce the carbon footprint arising from global energy use. By 2030, doubling the share of renewable energy could cut emissions by almost half, and combined with energy efficiency, the average increase in global temperature could be kept below 2 °C (1.5 °C), reducing climate change. can be prevented from becoming a global disaster. For these reasons, I prefer renewable energy sources like wind and solar power.
7- Reduce your meat eating habits
Studies show that animal husbandry is the source of at least 15 percent of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions. This ratio is higher than the greenhouse gas emissions caused by air and land traffic. Animal digestion releases methane gas into the atmosphere, while manure production emits CO2. The use of fossil fuels in animal husbandry is also an important problem for the environment. On the other hand, animal feed production (especially soy) causes deforestation, which reduces the planet’s greenhouse gas elimination capacity. Eating less meat and more locally grown vegetables and fruits reduces carbon emissions.
Global warming causes shortening of seasons, deterioration of the food chain, drought, reduction in the amount of fresh water on the planet, mass extinction of species, disease and melting of glaciers. We all have a role and responsibility for global warming. Global warming may eventually make the world uninhabitable. If we do not make changes in our lifestyle and habits, then we may have to face worse consequences. Now is the time to act.
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