Joe Biden Supreme Court commission previews ‘substantial proposal’ to add justice

Judges to be added to nine members Supreme Court As part of a major proposal released Thursday as part of the draft of a commission appointed by the president Biden.

Commission on the subject Supreme CourtIt is expected to publish its final report, created by executive order in April, next month.

But on Thursday, commissioners noted that their “significant proposal would increase the number of judges sitting in court. court

“Other proposals propose a reorganization of members’ membership. court” Read the discussion materials published on Thursday evening.

Another would set terms of office for judges currently appointed for life under the Constitution and set “intervals” of appointments. Supreme Courtsays the commission’s document.

The last president to try to bring justice to the judiciary Supreme Court It was Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1937, but even the Democratic Congress overwhelmingly opposed the move.

NS Supreme Court There have been nine judges since 1869. Before that, it fluctuated between five and 10 judges.

The Constitution does not designate a set of judges, but any enlargement must pass Congress.

Given the 50-50 party line in the Senate and the 60 vote threshold to pass most laws, any bill to add judges is unlikely to pass.

The Commission was optimistic about tenure limits for judges, saying the idea would garner more bipartisan support in Congress. But Congress is divided over whether term limits should be constitutional.

This caused concern among panel members, according to the report. Opponents of time limits worry that judges will have to decide for themselves whether such a proposal is unconstitutional, raising concerns that any decision could undermine the case. courtlegitimacy.

But panel members who supported the idea dismissed such concerns as “overblown” and said it did not pose a threat to the party. court‘s legitimacy compared to other problems it has faced over the years.

“Some commissioners believe that term limits represent a properly calibrated solution to this problem and will help. court “To defend our democracy against real or potential setbacks,” he said.

The commission is made up of liberal and centrist members, who are expected to issue a final report recommending amendments to the constitution on 14 November. Supreme Court.

White House press secretary Jen Psaki said on Wednesday, Mr. Biden will not comment on the report until the final draft is submitted. he in November and hehad the opportunity to review.

On Thursday, Ms. Psaki downplayed the importance of the preliminary draft, calling it “an assessment, not a recommendation”.

Carrie Severino, chief adviser to the Conservative Judicial Crisis Network, said the commission had so far thrown “cold water” on the idea of ​​the court package.

“Leftist dark money groups aiding the election Joe Biden Continuing this court gathering effort will not stop because of what any commission has said.” he said. “Rather, they will earnestly continue their captor-taking campaign to intimidate the captives. court until they present the liberal policy choices they demand.”

Alliance for Justice, a liberal advocacy group, described the report as “an important step towards achieving much needed reforms”.

“From giving the green light to Texas’s abortion ban to overturning the Voting Rights Act and blocking the eviction moratorium as COVID escalates, it’s clear this court has developed a dangerous agenda. “Only democracy can save this court, and the commission’s report will help raise awareness that reform is not only possible but necessary.”

Mr. Biden‘s commission was formed amid recent calls from liberals. Supreme CourtIt stems from outrage over the conservatives having a 6-3 majority in reserve following the death of Liberal Judge Ruth Bader Ginsburg last year.

Progressives became more and more enraged about this. Supreme Court During former President Trump’s four-year tenure, he made three appointments – Judges Neil Gorsuch, Brett M. Kavanaugh, and Amy Coney Barrett.

Suggested changes come as follows: Supreme Court It had the lowest approval rating among registered voters in a Quinnipiac University poll released last month.

Fifty percent of registered voters gave the supreme court a negative approval rating, while 37 percent approved of the judges’ work. 13 percent did not express an opinion.

Lowest job approval Supreme Court Ever since Quinnipiac University started questioning people about it. Supreme Courtbusiness in 2004.

NS Supreme Court also this period, Roe v. Wade is poised to hear a multitude of political issues weighing the future of abortion rights and the limits a state can set on the right to carry firearms outside the home.

The president’s commission has held three public meetings since its inception and has heard from a range of legal scholars about the impact of adding justice to the judiciary. Supreme Court or to limit the number of years a justice can serve.

The panel has another meeting scheduled for Friday, which is expected to last about seven hours.

During their long meetings, legal experts on both sides of the aisle testified about various changes in the law. Supreme Court and whether changes will be made court looks more or less political.

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