Home Finance Market Maker: Who are Market Makers?

Market Maker: Who are Market Makers?


Whenever a stock is bought or sold, there must be someone on the other end to complete the transaction. For example, if you want to buy 100 shares of believe, there must be someone who wants to sell not 99, not 101, but exact 100 shares of Reliance at the same time. However, the chances are slim that you will immediately find someone who wants to sell the exact number of shares of the company you want to buy. where is it Market Maker come in.

Who is the Market Maker?

Market Maker-Usually banks or brokerage companies- at least 100 shares of a given stock are always ready to buy or sell at the market price every second of the trading day.

A market maker, also called a liquidity provider, is a firm or individual that, as a primary trading strategy, provides consistent quotes for a given financial instrument – ​​both buy bids and sell offers. . A market maker is generally contracted and/or legally bound to provide quotes for a specified period of one trading day for a minimum size and maximum bid-ask spread.

The market maker provides liquidity and improves the functioning of the market by making the process of finding counterparties for trading more efficient while reducing the cost of trading.

Market makers typically come up with their bids and offers by calculating the theoretical price for a given financial instrument and then determining how much credit or offer they need to pay for the risk they are taking in providing quotes to the market. Margin required.

Which entities act as market makers?

A market maker can be either an individual, and Investment Bank, a member of a firm or securities exchange. Thus, they can do both – execute trades on behalf of other investors and trade for themselves.

When they participate in the market for their account, it is known as a main business.

The most common example of a market maker is a brokerage firm that provides buying and selling solutions for real estate investors. It plays a big role in maintaining liquidity in the real estate market.

Why are market makers important?

The main objective of market makers in the stock market is to maintain market efficiency by providing adequate liquidity. They do this by ensuring that the volume of trades is large enough that trades can be executed seamlessly.

In the absence of market makers, an investor who wants to sell his shares will not be able to open his position. This is because there are not always readily available buyers in the market.

If a bondholder wants to sell his securities, the market maker will buy it from him. Similarly, if an investor wants to buy shares of a particular company, the market makers will ensure that the shares of that company are available for sale. Thus, they act as wholesalers in the financial markets. Prices set by market makers are a reflection of demand and supply. Stockbrokers can also sometimes act as market makers. However, this represents a conflict of interest because brokers may be encouraged to recommend securities that make up the market to their clients.

How do market makers make a profit?

make profit through market maker Spread in between store bid and offer price. Since market makers take on the risk of covering a given security, which may decline in price, they are compensated for this risk of holding the asset.

For example, suppose an investor observes that part of apple company There is a bid price of $10 and an ask price of $10.10. This means that the market maker bought Apple shares for $10 and is selling them for $10.10, which means a $0.10 profit on each stock they sell to investors.

Market makers have no opinion on whether the share price will increase or decrease. they make money difference between bid and ask priceE – known as Spread. But by trading millions of shares of the same company daily, the market maker manages to capture a significant portion of the profit and offset his risk of the price moving against it.

When a market-maker trades on either side of the spread, they take a position in the market that is a . is risk. They will try and find a way to offset that risk, for example, Hedging that position with a different product. Thus, it is important for a market-maker to understand not only the product in which they are generating liquidity, but also the relationship of that product/company with other similar financial products.

Can Market Makers Lose Money?

The primary risk for market makers is facing a decline in the value of the stock. After the Bought it from a seller and before this It is sold to a buyer.

Market Makers are always counterparties to trades made by informed traders and in case of any volatility in the market; Market makers often get caught in wrong positions.

Another major risk for market makers is the lack of up-to-date information. In simple words, market makers can manage risks and survive only if they get the latest information (before most investors) and respond to that information as quickly as possible. Otherwise the market position can go against them even in a few seconds and this can lead to losses.


With proper strategy, market makers perform on both sides i.e., buy side As well as to sell of markets. In this way they not only create demand, but also make a good profit by selling the stock at a price slightly above the market price.

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