JERUSALEM – Israel’s opposition parties announced Wednesday that they had reached a coalition agreement to form a government and oust Benjamin Netanyahu, the longest-serving prime minister in Israeli history and a key figure who served as his country’s leader. Politics has been pushed in the right direction.
Declaration can be relaxed a political standoff Which has held four elections in two years and left Israel without a stable government or state budget. If parliament ratifies the delicate agreement in a trust vote in the coming days, it will also lift the curtain on the premiership of a leader who has defined contemporary Israel more than any other.
The New Coalition is an unusual and strange alliance between eight political parties, from a wide variety of ideologies, from left to right. While some analysts accept it as a reflection of the breadth and complexity of contemporary society, others say that its members are too inconsistent to maintain their compact, and see it as the embodiment of Israel’s political incompetence.
Coalition to be headed by 2023 Naftali Bennett, a former settler leader and standard bearer for the religious Nationalists who oppose a Palestinian state and want Israel to take over much of the occupied West Bank. He is a former aide of Mr Netanyahu who is often described as more right-wing than the prime minister.
If the government lasts a full term, it will be led between 2023 and 2025 by Yair Lapid, a centrist former television host who is considered a standard-bearer for secular Israelis.
It was Mr Lapid who was chosen by President Reuven Rivlin four weeks earlier to form the new government. And it was Mr Lapid who called Mr Rivlin at 11:22 pm on Wednesday, with only 38 minutes left for his mandate to expire, to inform him that he had assembled a fragile alliance.
“Sir President, I commit to you that this government will work to serve all citizens of Israel, including those who are not its members, to respect those who oppose it, and to unite all parts Will do everything in his power to protect Israeli society,” Mr. Lapid said, according to a readout provided by his office.
Mr. Bennett, 49, is the son of American immigrants, and a former software entrepreneur, army commando, and Mr. Netanyahu’s chief of staff. His home is in central Israel, but he was once the chief executive of an umbrella group, the Yesha Council, which represents Jewish settlements in the occupied West Bank. Until the most recent election cycle, Mr. Bennett was part of a political coalition with far-right leader Bezel Smotrich.
Although Mr. Bennett’s party, Yamina, won only seven out of 120 seats in parliament, Mr. Netanyahu could not have been ousted without his support, which allowed him to set the conditions for joining the coalition.
Mr Lapid, 57, is a former news anchor and journalist who became a politician nine years ago and later served as finance minister in the Netanyahu-led coalition. His party finished second in the March general election, winning 17 seats. But Mr Lapid considered Mr Netanyahu’s ouster more important than seeking to go first as prime minister.
To avoid escalating their differences, Mr. Lapid and Mr. Bennett have promised to focus on largely technical issues such as the economy and infrastructure, and to stay away from more controversial topics such as trying to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. .
But some commentators say Mr Bennet’s party will be under pressure to prove to its supporters that his coalition partners have not bucked his right-wing tendencies.
In a harbinger of potential tensions to come, talks nearly collapsed on Wednesday after disagreements over whether a key lieutenant of Mr. Bennett, Islet Shek, a prominent judicial reform proponent, should be appointed to the new judges committee will be allowed to attend.
And some left-wing and centrist ministers are expected to criticize their right-wing allies by promoting police reform or advocating for curbing settlement expansion.
alliance will also be involved An Arab Islamic Party, Rami, which would become the first independent Arab group in Israeli history to join a governing political coalition. The agreement “secures the position of the Arab parties as an influential and legitimate player in the political arena,” the party said in a statement.
But its participation is also expected to lead to conflict. Mr Bennett recently pulled out of coalition talks during the war in Gaza, wary of participating in a coalition with a party run by Israel’s Palestinian citizens.
Ram joined the coalition on the promise of greater rights and resources for Israel’s Arab minorities – but some of its demands, including the repeal of a controversial housing law that disproportionately disproportionately disproportionate Arab minorities, were part of the coalition. Considered unacceptable to some rigid members. .
Meanwhile, Mr Netanyahu, who remains the caretaker prime minister, is doing everything possible to conclude the agreement. Constitutional experts said the speaker of the Israeli parliament, Yariv Levin, is a member of Mr Netanyahu’s party, Likud, and could use parliamentary procedure to delay the trust vote until Monday, June 14.
In that time, his party promised to pressure right-wing members of the coalition to jump ship, saying they had sold themselves by associating with left-wing and Arab lawmakers.
If Mr Netanyahu fails to persuade enough opponents, it will be the end of his race to the pinnacle of Israeli politics – at least for now – the longest tenure of any Israeli prime minister. Either way, he leaves a lasting impression on Israeli life, and will likely seek to maintain significant influence as leader of the opposition.
Mr. Bennett’s presence on the threshold of power is a testament to how Mr. Netanyahu has helped to shift the pendulum of Israeli politics firmly to the right.
- key figures. The main players in the latest twist in Israeli politics have very different agendas, but a common goal. Naftali Bennett, who leads a small right-wing party, and yair lapidy, the centrist leader of the Israeli opposition, have joined the army To form a diverse coalition to oust Benjamin Netanyahu, Israel’s longest-serving prime minister.
- category of ideals. Spanning Israel’s fractal political spectrum from left to right, and relying on the support of a small Arab, Islamic party, the Coalition, known as “change government“By supporters, there will probably be a profound change for Israel.
- a common goal. After grinding to a deadlock, which led to four inconclusive elections in two years, and a long period of polarizing politics and government paralysis, the coalition’s architects Resolve to bring Israel back on track.
- an unclear future. Parliament still has to ratify the delicate agreement in a trust vote in the coming days. But even if it does, it is unclear how much a “change of government” can bring to Israel because some of the parties involved have little in common other than animosity for Mr. Netanyahu.
Under Mr Netanyahu’s supervision, the Israeli-Palestinian peace process collapsed, and tensions between Jews and Arabs inside Israel peaked in May when unrest broke out in mixed Jewish-Arab cities during the latest Gaza War.
Mr Netanyahu also helped intensify the far-right’s influence on Israeli society and media debate, by creating an electoral pact between far-right parties that later helped him win elected office.
Against this background, he nevertheless defied expectations and convention by negotiating diplomatic agreements with four Arab countries, shattering the notion that Israel could make peace with Middle Eastern states only when a final deal was made with the Palestinians. Ho.
He called on former President Donald J. fostered a strong bond with Trump, who led Israel to numerous diplomatic victories, moved the US embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, closed a US consulate that dealt with Palestinian issues, the Palestinian mission in Washington used to shut down and break one. Obama-era agreement with Iran.
The recent impasse in Israeli politics is also the result of Mr Netanyahu’s decision to remain in office despite his divisive decision. in corruption case.
By doing so, his critics argued, he undermined democratic norms, and by attacking the judges in his case, he risked undermining the rule of law.
Mr Netanyahu denied the allegations, and said he had the right to remain in office to defend himself against what was presented as a backdoor coup attempt.
But even many in his own base disagreed, leading to a political stalemate in which Mr Netanyahu retained enough support to remain in power but not enough to form a stable government – four inconclusive in the past two years. Leading up to the elections, most recently in March.
The desire to avoid a fifth election eventually prompted Mr Bennet to leave Netanyahu’s right-wing camp and ally with rivals who, like Mr Lapid, do not share most of his long-term political view.
If Parliament confirms his government, Mr. Bennett will begin his term in the same way as a new president, Isaac Herzog, begins his term. Mr Herzog, a former leader of the centrist Labor Party, was elected president by lawmakers on Wednesday. He will take office in July, and will hold a largely ceremonial role for the next seven years.
Mr. Bennett’s government, if it passes a vote of confidence in Parliament, could collapse much earlier.
Should it collapse, some analysts believe Mr Lapid could emerge with more credit than Mr Bennett. While Mr Bennett is his first in the premiership, his decision to work with centrists and leftists has angered his already small followers.
“Lapid has made a very strong set of decisions, conveyed an amazing level of maturity and really made a great statement about a different kind of leadership,” said an Israeli political analyst and pollster from the Century Foundation of New York. Dahlia Schindlin said. based research group. “It will not be lost on the Israeli public.”
Adam Rasgon, Isabel Kershner, Gabby Sobelman and Carol Sutherland contributed reporting.
Disclaimer: The opinions expressed within this article are the personal opinions of the author. The facts and opinions appearing in the article do not reflect the views of knews.uk and knews.uk does not assume any responsibility or liability for the same.