Details of the report were released by CNN in a daily report prepared by the Goma Volcanic Observatory (GVO) for the government. It explained that the crater “is still collapsing, contributing to the earthquake and causing the release of ash from Goma.”
The 11,500-foot-high volcano is located about 15 kilometers from Goma, a city of 637,000,000 people with an official population, although several NGOs estimate it to be close to 1 million.
Since then, the area has experienced a series of earthquakes and tremors, some of them as far as the capital of Rwanga Kigali, more than 100 km from the volcano in the Virunga National Park.
The lava flow “could cause suffocation, severe burns or death,” the report warned.
He outlined four possible scenarios, the best of which is to stop the earthquakes and prevent another eruption.
But he also warned that as magma continues to move through a fissure into Lake Kivu, there is a possibility of a limnick eruption, where the eruption beneath the lake could send flight debris and release toxic gas. This could be the worst case scenario.
“In the event of a lava eruption in the Kivu River, keep a considerable distance, as these explosions could cause dangerous ballistics,” the report said.
Volcanic eruptions, landslides, or large earthquakes can destabilize deep lake waters and release dissolved gases.
Gaseous emissions are likely to increase in the coming months due to the increase in the volume of groundwater magma.
Cracks can release deadly concentrations of gases, urging people to stay away and monitor children in low-lying areas, the report said.
The report added that people should be careful about using water to drink and wash vegetables because volcanic ash has contaminated reservoirs.
Larry Madow reported from Goma, Martin Goillandeau, Sarah Dean and Angela Dewan from London.
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