Pope Francis has declared that five Catholic priests who were killed during the revolutionary government of the Paris Commune that took control of Paris in 1871 were martyrs who were killed by “hatred of the faith”.
25 November 2021, 16:15
• 2 min read
ROME – Pope Francis has declared that five Catholic priests killed during the revolutionary government of the Paris Commune that took control of Paris in 1871 were martyrs killed by “hatred of the faith”.
The declaration of martyrdom means that the five priests can be beatified, the first major step towards a possible canonization, without the Vatican having to confirm a miracle attributed to their intercession.
By announcing Francis’ decree on Thursday, the Vatican identified only two of the priests: Enrico Planchart and Ladislao Radigue. The other three priests were from two other religious orders. They were all killed on May 26, 1871 in Paris.
The Paris Commune was hostile to the Catholic Church, which it accused of “complicity in the crimes of the monarchy”. He confiscated church property, seized church property and arrested hundreds of priests, nuns and monks.
Although it only ruled for two months, the municipality was very influential – especially by separating church and state, a policy that exists today in a different form. During that time, about 26 churches were closed and many Catholic schools were forced to become secular.
When the French French army regained control, the Communards, as they were called, fired many priests and the Archbishop of Paris in retaliation for what became known as The Bloody Week.