China’s parliament expressed ‘strong opposition’ to the bill, saying it shows the US has ‘crazy delusion’.
The US Senate has voted 68-32 to approve a comprehensive package of legislation aimed at boosting the country’s ability to compete with Chinese technology.
The measure, passed on Tuesday, authorizes nearly $190bn for provisions to strengthen US technology and research – and separate approval for spending $54bn to increase US production and research in semiconductors and telecommunications equipment will, which includes $2bn dedicated to chips used by automakers, saw massive reductions and significant production cuts.
The desire for a hard line in dealings with China is one of the few bipartisan sentiments in the deeply divided US Congress, which is controlled by fellow Democrats of President Joe Biden.
China’s parliament expressed “strong outrage and firm opposition” to the bill. It said in a statement that the US bill showed a “crazy illusion of wanting to be the only winner” and distorted the core spirit of innovation and competition.
The bill must pass the House of Representatives for Biden to be sent to the White House to sign into law. It is not clear what legislation will appear in the House or when it can take it. House leaders have not publicly committed to act on the Senate bill or set a course of action beyond the House Science Committee in considering their plan to reform the National Science Foundation.
China related provisions
The bill has several other China-related provisions, including preventing the social media app TikTok from being downloaded to government devices, and would prevent the purchase of drones manufactured and sold by companies backed by the Chinese government. It will also allow Taiwanese diplomats and the military to display their flag and wear their uniforms while in the US on official business.
It will also create broad new mandatory sanctions on Chinese entities engaged in cyberattacks or theft of intellectual property from US firms, and provides for a review of export controls on goods that can be used to support human rights abuses. is.
Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer, the measure’s co-sponsor, warned of dire consequences for not funding research to keep up with China.
“If we don’t do anything, our days as major superpowers could come to an end. We don’t want those days to end on our clock. We don’t want to see America become a middle nation in this century, Schumer said.
Biden praised the bill: “We are in a race to win the 21st century, and the starting gun is out… we can’t afford to fall behind.”
US Commerce Secretary Gina Raimondo said the funding could result in seven to 10 new US semiconductor plants. Several American companies praised the bill. General Motors Co. said the legislation “represents a significant step forward to address the semiconductor shortage that plagues US automotive manufacturing.”
Some critics have compared the Senate funding effort to push China’s high-tech industrial development, dubbed “Made in China 2025”, which has long plagued the United States.
The bill also seeks to counter Beijing’s growing global influence through diplomacy, by working with allies following Republican former President Donald Trump’s “America First” agenda and increasing America’s involvement in international organizations.
Senator Maria Cantwell noted that the bill would authorize the spending of NASA and its Artemis mission to the Moon.
“As China has made clear, they are going to Mars, we are going back to the Moon to prepare ourselves to go to Mars,” Cantwell said.
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