The importance of 5G infrastructure, its rapid roll-out and technical capacity, as well as the development of the supply side of 5G infrastructure, have been emphasized by the European Commission (EC) in various initiatives and strategies, including the “5G Action” Communication Plan for Europe “and” Secure ” 5G Distribution in the EU: Implementing the EU Toolbox “. Although Europe is home to two of the three major equipment suppliers and is a world leader in experimental investment in 5G, overall infrastructure investment lags behind other regions and Europe’s vertical industries are only beginning to identify valuable 5G – business cases and European equipment suppliers are facing challenges to maintain their viability, facing increased competition from Chinese, South Korean and US manufacturers, and against this background, this study provides an in-depth analysis of the likely development of the 5G equipment and services market, which looks set for 2030 The study identifies four scenarios, determined by factors such as development technology, standard readiness and Radio Access Network (RAN) division initiatives. Economic, technical, environmental and societal consequences are analyzed for each scenario covering important issues from the EC and stakeholders, including market competition, costs, cyber security, energy efficiency and standard needs. Based on the results of the impact assessment scenario, the study identifies policy options to facilitate the development of a viable 5G supply ecosystem in Europe.
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