US, EU will announce global pledge to reduce methane emissions from planet warming on Friday

The announcement would come on the same day as President Joe Biden and other world leaders hold a virtual closed meeting on climate change, ahead of a decisive UN Climate Change Conference in Glasgow in November. That meeting is intended to raise the climate ambition ahead of the summit in Glasgow, the senior official told reporters during a Wednesday conference call.

“We are grateful to be working with the European Union and partner countries towards a collective global goal, and I want to emphasize that it is a collective global goal to significantly reduce methane emissions,” the official told CNN.

With The earth is heating up fast, researchers say that methane emissions must be reduced rapidly. Charles Koven, lead author of the UN Climate Change Report published in August, told CNN that this was due to methane’s incredible thermal power. Even if carbon dioxide stays in the atmosphere longer, methane is a much more potent greenhouse gas that captures 25 times as much heat.

Methane’s short lifespan is why countries are aiming to rapidly reduce greenhouse gas emissions and their impact.

“Rapidly reducing methane emissions may be the single most effective strategy to keep the 1.5-degree limit within reach, in terms of short-term action that can be taken,” the senior official told CNN, adding that methane currently stands for about half a degree of heating.

If the world stopped emitting carbon dioxide tomorrow, Koven said, global temperatures would not start to cool for many years because of how long the gas stays in the atmosphere. Reducing methane is the easiest turn to turn around to change the path of global temperature over the next ten years, he said.

Methane is the main component of natural gas, which drives nearly 40% of the US electricity sector. It can enter the atmosphere through leakage from oil and natural gas wells, natural gas pipelines and the processing equipment itself.

According to data from the US Energy Information Administration, the United States has thousands of active natural gas wells, millions of abandoned oil and gas wells, about two million miles of natural gas pipelines and several refineries that process the gas.

One in three Americans lives in a county with oil and gas activities, which pose climate and public health risks, according to a report from the Environmental Defense Fund.

Biden’s Environmental Protection Agency is expected to release new methane regulations later this year, and Democrats in Congress are trying to receive a new methane tax as part of their $ 3.5 trillion bill.

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