Teeth are the hardest substance found in the human body. They are located in the mouth and aid in crushing and digestion of food. Teeth support speech functions and also add beauty to the human body. A healthy tooth is one that is strong, white and has no cracks or holes.
Teeth have on several occasions been incorrectly classified as bone in the human body, but this is not the case. a dentist from The Smileist Dentals in Queens Defined the difference between tooth and bone as follows: “Teeth are non-living tissue whereas bones are living tissue.” Teeth are a collection of different types of teeth, each of which performs different functions, and they are:
- Rodents: These are square shaped and sharp pointed teeth that are found in the front part of the mouth; They are used for cutting.
- dogs: They are also called eye teeth or cusps, and they are sharp-edged teeth found near rodents. They are used to tear food.
- Forerunner: These teeth are located between the molars and the canines. They have a flat surface used for crushing food.
- molar tooth: They are larger than premolars, and they have broad, flat surface points and grooves. Molars are used to grind food.
- Uncover: 3 of them. also calledthird molar tooth. Because of their large nature, they can crowd or displace other teeth, causing pain.
set of teeth
Humans are binomial; This means that they have the potential to develop two sets of teeth, they are:
- milk teeth: Also known as primary or deciduous teeth, they consist of 20 teeth, mainly three types of teeth: 8 incisors, 4 canines and 8 molars, all adding up to 20. These types of teeth are usually found in children by the age of 6. months to 8 years. Milk teeth have 10 sets arranged on both the lower and upper jaws. These teeth eventually fall out to make way for the permanent teeth.
- Permanent Teeth: This group of teeth is also called secondary teeth. They are stronger than milk teeth and have a set of 32 teeth. These include 8 incisors, 4 canines, 8 premolars, 8 molars and 4 wisdom molars. The permanent teeth are arranged in sets of 16 on both the upper and lower jaws. Incisors, canines, premolars and molars appear between the ages of 8–15 years, while wisdom teeth appear between the ages of 18–27 years.
The process of tooth development is called teething. The teething process extends from childhood to adulthood. And the specialists who are charged with taking care of the teeth are called Dentists.
parts of teeth
Teeth are divided into three parts, and they are:
- Crown: It makes up two-thirds of the entire tooth structure. This is the visible part of the tooth located above the gum.
- Neck: This part is located between the crown and the root. It is located in the gum.
- Root: This part makes up about a third of the tooth. It is not visible and is located under the gum, sitting deep in the bone that supports the mouth.
Tooth structure and segment
It describes what the tooth is made of, and the tooth is divided into four segments. They are:
- Enamel: It contains 95-98% inorganic matter, 1% organic matter and 1-4% water. It is the hardest tissue in the human body that covers the dentine, forming the outermost layer of the crown. It also protects the teeth from harmful substances as well as changes in the temperature of the food. This enables the teeth to withstand the pressure of chewing.
- Dentin: It is the hard yellow part found around the pulp. It is hard like a bone that makes up most teeth, and it gives the tooth its yellowish color. dentin Composed of 70% inorganic matter and 30% organic matter.
- Pulp: It is composed of neurons, fibroblasts, macrophages and vascular tissues. It is located in the innermost part of the tooth, and has a rich supply of blood vessels and nerves to help maintain the vitality of the tooth.
- Cementum: It consists of 55% inorganic matter and 45% organic matter. It is located at the root holding the tooth to the jaw bone.
Taking care of your teeth is important to help maintain and maintain healthy teeth. Here are some reliable ways you can take care of your teeth.
- Eating nutritious food
- Avoid sweet or sticky food.
- Brushing teeth twice a day.
- Rinse your mouth after each meal to remove particles.
- Visit the dentist regularly for check-ups.
Teeth are used continuously in our daily life. If not cared for properly, they can become weak and open to infection and decay. It is always best to visit your dentist as soon as you notice a problem with your teeth.
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